The many widespread names of the Rosellas include Rosella, Rosella Parrot or Parakeet, Red Rosella, ordinary Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella and Red-headed Rosella. Rosella has three sub-species P.e. eximius (Eastern Rosella), P.e. cecilae (Gold-mantled Rosella), and P.e. diemenensis (Tasmania Rosella). These birds are unique in the pet trade because of their intense colors and their softer call. There has been a great deal of debate about the categorization of Rosella.
Rosella are about 30 cm in length and weigh 90 to 120 gm. The head, throat, and upper breast are dazzling red and they display white cheek patches. The lower breast is yellow and green. Wings are assorted in color of black, blue, and green, the green extends down to the blue tail and the bill and feet are gray. Sexes are alike with the female minor in size and paler in color and exhibiting more of green shading. The female usually has an under wing stripe.
These tiny parrots are not simply intelligent, but they have sociable personalities and are very social. Rosella adapt rapidly to their cage and can be fairly playful. They are very adroit and are constantly on the go. To keep them happy and healthy they need an inspiring environment with plenty of activities, including climbing areas and chewing toys. Because Rosella are social birds that live in flocks in the wild, keeping more than one is significant for their well-being. They will also structure a close, loving bond with their human flock, and turn out to be a great friend and companion.
Sub Breeds of That type of Bird
- Rosella are separated into two groups. One group has blue cheek patches and the other group consists of white or pale cheek patches.
- White or pale cheek group:- Blue cheeked Rosella, Eastern Rosella, Golden mantled Rosella, Northern Rosella, Pale headed Rosella, Tasmanian Eastern Rosella, Western Rosella, Red backed Western Rosella.
- Blue cheeked Rosella, Platycercus adscitus adscitus has 1 sub-species:- Pale headed Rosella P.a. palliceps.
- Western Rosella, Platycercus icterotis icterotis has 1 sub-species:- Red backed Western Rosella P. i. xanthogenys.
- Eastern Rosella Platycercus eximius eximius has 2 sub-species:- Tasmanian Eastern Rosella P. e. diemensis, Golden mantled Rosella P. e. cecilae.
- Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans elegans has 3 sub-species:- Adelaide Rosella P. e. adelaidae, Crimson Rosella P. e. nigrescens, Yellow Rosella P. e. flaveolus.
- Northern Rosella Platycercus venustus venustus has 1 sub-species:- Northern Rosella P. e. hilli.
- Green Rosella or Tasmanian Rosella – Platycercus caledonicus has no sub species.
- Blue cheek group:- Adelaide Rosella, Crimson Rosella, Green Rosella or Tasmanian Rosella, Yellow Rosella.
Behavior and Characteristics
Rosellas are colorful parrots which belong to the Platycercus species. All species are native to the Australian mainland or some nearby islands and live in forests as well as agricultural land. They also managed well to live in the vicinity of humans and are now found in many parks and gardens. Rosella parrots live only in the mountains and coastal plains, and are not present in the outback of Australia.
Rosella is one of five to eight species of colorful parrots in the Platycercus kind. A common feature of Rosella and other members of the tribe is that they are broad-tailed parrots. Their diet is mainly seeds and fruits; they grow up to a size of about 25 – 30 cm, and most colorful of these species become popular pets.
Rosella birds have a very colorful and vast background. They are known all over the world for their beautiful colors.
General Behavior Characteristics
Several different imaginary stories circulated about how the parrots have developed their names Rosella. According to one of them they are named according to Rosetta, the wife of George Fife Angas, a settler Australian. The Rose Hill Parakeet is now known as Rosella over the years.
Introduced populations of the Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius) have established populations in New Zealand, especially in the northern half of North Island also in the Hutt Valley and in the hills near Dunedin on South Island. This species is also found on Norfolk Iceland. The first series of the Eastern Rosella were found in South Australia and Tasmania. The smallest species of Rosella are the Platycercus Icterotis, which are more commonly known as the Western Rosella, Rosella Stanley, Earl of Derby Parakeet or Yellow-cheeked Parakeet. It is still less than 30 cm long and is in eucalyptus forests and woodlands of southwestern Australia. The females are even smaller than the males.
The Northern Rosella, known as the Platycercus venustus is unusually the most colorful amongst all birds. Forehead, crown and nape are black with white and blue cheek patches, while the chest, abdomen and buttocks are of a pale yellow with black borders; they are one of the most eye catching birds. Similarly, both back and wing feathers are blackish with yellow margins. The tail is long and wears a blue-green color; the eyes iris is light grey while the beak is a slightly darker shade of grey. The Northern Rosella is known by several common names, including Smutty Rosella and Brown. It is found only in the Top End of Australia.
During the breeding season, Crimson Rosella search for nests belonging to their own kind and destroy the eggs. This behavior is not fully understood, but it might have to do with the intense competition for suitable nesting hollows. When all the eggs in a nest are destroyed, the parents will leave the tree and others will build the nests there.
Rosella have repute for toughness that surpasses the Lories. Their plumage is a dazzling shout of colors, a requirement for some potential parrot owners. However, they also have a reputation for violence around other pets and there is always need for unvarying attention to keep them happy and friendly with human companions. They are comparable to the African lovebirds in this trait. An abandoned Rosella will turn out to be standoffish, and unwilling to cooperate with people.
Once properly kept, Rosella are lively, noisy, impish birds that adore playing and whistling with owners. They aren’t known for their chatting abilities, but their beauty makes up for that shortage.
Even though the Eastern Rosella or Golden Mantle has an extremely suitable personality for a buddy bird, people who keep them still advise they are reserved as only birds due to their harshness. The other species of Rosellas really do seem more suitable to an aviary than in the home, but the Golden mantled is a bird of astonishing beauty and people can’t resist from keeping them.