Rabbit Food and Dietary Needs
Rabbit food mostly consists of vegetables, plants and herbs etc. The Things that the rabbit would like to eat and are good for it largely depends upon its breed and also on the individual bunny. A certain rabbit will like some foods, go crazy for others while other rabbits may not even eat it.
Most bunnies will not like a carrot cut up in a normal size but if they are given little carrots, the tiny folks will go nuts. This largely depends upon the preferences of the bunny one owns.
Bunnies should be given Coriander, Basil, Parsley and Mint. Most rabbits will not eat Rosemary.
Spring green vegetables are loved by many rabbits, for example Broccoli along with leaves, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots and Carrot tops, Cauliflower leaves, Celery, Green peppers, Pea pods, Radish tops, Sweet corn, Spinach and Kale. All of these Vegetables can be given to rabbits in trivial amounts.
Owners should take care that some vegetables might crop too much gas or dilating in certain bunnies for example Beets, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, and Radishes. On the other hand, some vegetables contain high calcium content and should not be fed more than 3 times per week; these include carrot Tops, Chinese Parsley, Clover, Collard Greens, Dandelion Greens, Kale, and Spinach. Also, one should remember that some vegetables are very rich in sugar and should give it to the bunnies only as a treat, if at all.
Fruits, fresh or dried, must be given to rabbits on daily basis. The formula to give fruits to bunnies in right proportion goes as one tablespoon per two kg body weight. Ideal fruits for bunnies include Apple, Banana, Pineapple, Melon, Peach, Pear, Strawberries and Raspberry leaves.
Rabbits also like to eat Clover, Dandelion greens and flowers.
5. Favorite Foods (TREATS)
Here are some interesting rabbit food suggestions to make your pet happy:
6. The Ideal Treats for Bunnies
We all like treats and so do the rabbits. Fresh fruits e.g. apples, pears, oranges, bananas and strawberries to be given daily as treats.
7. The Quantity of the Treat
All treats should be fed sparingly to a maximum quantity of 1 -2 tablespoons per rabbit per day or you will get a fat unhealthy rabbit. Many rabbits are fond of sultana (a special variety of grapes) and raisins (dried cranberries).
8. Other Treats
These can include almonds and chopped up carrot pieces. Capsicum and root vegetables such as carrot, sweet potato can also be given as treats. Carrots can be suspended from the cage to keep them occupied and increase time spent eating.
The Non-recommended Treats
Treats sold in pet stores marketed for rabbits are generally unnecessary and have a high a high content of fats and sugars. They are likely to cause the digestive problems so they should be avoided. Besides food treats, twigs from apple or willow trees (pesticide-free only) can also be considered as bunny treats.
1. Food to Avoid
Lettuce should not be fed to rabbits due to very high water content making it hard to digest. Also, bamboo shoots, beans, breakfast cereals, biscuits, chocolate, citrus fruit, coffee plants, corn or corn products, grains, iceberg lettuce, nuts, peas, Pennyroyal mint, sugar, onions, any kind of potatoes or potato peels, rhubarb or rhubarb leaves, seeds, tea leaves, or any food so old that one would not eat it themselves, should be avoided.
2. Timings and Quantity of Food
The owner should start by the introduction of foods to the rabbit, one at a time, in lesser amounts. Then one should build up the quantity gradually along with the aim of feeding a choice every day. The rabbit food can be given at any time of the day according to the choice of owner and mood of the rabbit.
3. The Unlimited Foods
Bunnies are premeditated to eating grass, and above, bark and other tough things. The cottontail should be provided with bottomless quantity of water and hay as these are the source of a healthy diet. Eating hay every day will help reduce tediousness and other behavioral problems with most bunnies. The chewing of hay strands results in teeth exercise and the grating movement is vital for dental healthiness and also aids to keep healthy gut movement.
4. Commercially Available Rabbit Foods
These foods make the feeding process easier for owners. These might be handy foods, but one needs to choose them wisely and should use these rationally.
5. Greens and Veggies
Bunnies can be fed a speckled assortment of greens and vegetables each day along with a small quantity of good quality mix or shots. Undoubtedly, this is the best natural way to nourish the pet rabbit.
6. Daily Recommendations
There are few rabbit food items which are to be given on daily basis. One should feed their bunny portions of carrot, broccoli, herbs such as mint, parsley etc., banana, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower stalks, and also a ready-made available diet on daily basis. The owner can feed the rabbit with veggies and other foods frequently once the bunny gets used to these.
Food Pyramid for Rabbits
This article focuses on the diet requirements a healthy, adult rabbit. If a rabbit’s diet is thought of in terms of a food pyramid, then it should constitute about 80 per cent of hay, fresh vegetables and greens about 15 per cent, pellets up to 4.5 per cent, and just 0.5 per cent of treats.
Rabbits are herbivorous animals and require a varied and balanced diet. They have a specialized digestive tract that allows them to digest large amounts of fiber that is a vital constituent of their diet and plays a major role for normal functioning of their digestive system.