Parrots usually breed in spring time and their behavior can either be affectionate or aggressive or both, even with the baby parrot. The intensity of behaviour or the behaviour itself differs in both male and female, which can be managed with proper technique if a parrot was living without a mate. It may show different acts of aggression towards the owner or it may be desperate for owner’s attention. The females do this by showing childish behaviour like wish to be held, stroke and handfed. Both male and female might chew their own feathers, the furniture, clothes, and curtains or do anything destructive. It is advisable to keep the birds in different cages placed at same location and only put them in same cage when breeding is required.
Parrot breeding take a lot of commitment and hard work on the owners part. Breeding parrots and raising their babies is not an easy task. Sometimes the babies have to be hand fed because the new parent fails to feed their chick and sometimes artificial incubating or fostering is needed if the female or in some case male fails to sit on the eggs. During all this process the main focus should be the parent birds and after that the young chicks.
The breeding age of the bird comes when it is mature. The breeding age differs in different parrots some of them are listed below:
- African greys are sexually matured at the age of 4-7 years, which usually varies.
- Cockatiel’s age of maturity is 9months to 1 year.
- Amazons are sexually mature when they are 4 or 5 years old.
Small parrots reach maturity approximately at the age of 1 year and big ones at the age of 4 years at least; they should never be used for breeding purpose before that time.
Parrots Breeding Pairing
In order to pair the parrot unrelated birds should be bought. It means that male and female should not be from same clutch. It depends on Parrots who they want as their mate. Birds always choose their mates themselves and if they are rejecting the partner you have available for them in the cage, there is nothing you can do to make them accept each other.
Once accepted the mate, parrots form a very strong bond with each other and sometimes they start ignoring the owners. To avoid this, owner should spend time with the birds, especially with Lovebirds who need a lot of affection from their owners. Same should be done with the baby Parrot.
Owner of the birds experiences aggression problem sometimes. This usually happens when the birds are of not the same age and didn’t choose their own partners. An aggression problem comes with Cockatoos, Macaws and Lovebirds. The owner should always keep an eye for any act of aggression. There are a few benefits of pairing as there is only one cage to clean and the owner doesn’t have to think every now and then about giving time to the birds since they will not be lonely anymore.
Pairing with the right mate not only makes the bird happy but also keeps the owner entertained when he sees the two birds interacting with each other.
Parrots Breeding The process
The whole process of mating is when a male bird stands on the female bird, that is, if the female bird let the male stand on him. The male wraps his tail around the female body and their vent areas connect. The male rubs the vent areas together. There are different gestures, different types of Parrots make during the mating process in order to show their mate affection and love.
How to make Birds Comfortable
There are a few things that should be noted while trying to give your bird all the comfort it needs during the mating process or after it. It should be kept in mind that the cage is longer in width too, not only in the height so the birds can move side to side easily. Minimum cage side should be 2’ X 2’ X 2’ and wooden nest box should be at least 12” X 12”.
Bird’s wings should be clipped which allows them to balance on their mate while mating. A nest box should be bought and put outside the cage in order to give the maximum amount of space to the birds. Food should be given on time and the cage should be cleaned. Provide Calcium supplements to the female Parrot.
Normally Parrot female lays 4 to 8 eggs; each egg every other day. Eggs hatch after 21 days incubation period and all eggs hatch on different days. Male Parrot helps the female by sitting on the eggs during incubation period. Similarly male and female both feed the chicks before weaning. The owner should not touch the eggs because sometimes the females abandon their eggs if this is done.
Any issues that may occur
Breeding could include many problems like parent birds neglecting the eggs and hence eggs are in danger of dying before hatching. Female Parrot could suffer from health issues and requires extra attention and care. Once eggs are abandoned by parents then you have to arrange incubation and later on hand-feed the hatched baby Parrot. Also survival rate of chicks is very low which becomes depressing for owners who are expecting a good clutch size.