Parakeet breeding is usually a topic of interest for those owners who keep pairs of birds. Pet Parakeets are usually kept as a pair of male and female because these lovely birds cannot live happily if they don’t find a companion of their own kind. Males are highly social and loving while females have loud emotions too. Parakeets reach maturity by 8 to 10 months age. So after that period, they are ready to mate and produce offspring.
Always make sure that both male and female Parakeets are healthy and free of any genetic problems. Also be mentally ready to deal with birds during the time of laying eggs and hatching. It is very important to keep a regular check on laid eggs, female bird’s health, male bird’s behavior and attitude.
A parakeet is considered to be matured at 8 months, but it’s sensible to wait for at least a year before letting them breed. Breeder must make sure that the female bird is healthy and mature enough to lay eggs. Young or immature female birds cannot protect the eggs and cannot keep them warm enough and eggs could die before hatching. So birds should be above 1 year age so that they can become good parents. Egg binding is a big crisis faced by young female birds that could lead to death of female bird.
When pet Parakeets are ready for breeding purpose, examine them first by a good vet. Make sure that your birds are eating healthy and they are accepting each other. Put them in single cage of a proper size. Always make sure that cage is comfortable enough for the birds; the larger the better. Cage must contain a nest filled with some wood shavings so that it gives a natural feeling and it could carry the eggs safely. It is usually better not to have cage placed at place from where it’s all sides are visible. Bird might need some privacy at times or they might feel nervous, so there should be a side that is covered or blocked by wall etc.
Nest is an important object and it should be stuffed with sawdust or wood shavings. Size of the nest box should be 20 X 12 X 12 (Height X Width X Depth). Cleaning nest is another important aspect.
The Mating Process
When the male bird is ready to mate, it will stand over female. If female bird is also willing then she will not resist and stay still and keep her tail real flat. During that period, beak contact is made between both birds. The male bird also holds female with help of one wing so that it can continue with mating process easily.
The male will subsequently wrap his tail below the female’s raised tail, place his cloacae against hers and massage it back and forth to stimulate the female. The male might move away for a minute before recurring for another session.
Egg Laying and Incubation
Parakeets are bred with no trouble. In the wild, nearly all parrot species need a hollow tree or a hollow log or naturally require nest boxes for breeding.
Females can lay unfertile eggs without mating. These eggs won’t hatch and definitely are not indicating any Parakeet breeding.
Number of eggs could be four to twelve and there could be gap of a day or two between laying all the eggs. Later on eggs are incubated by mother for 19 days. During that time period, mother merely leaves her nest for quick defecation and stretches. They are also fed by the help of their male partners inside the nest. Eggs can start hatching at different times and there could be gap of 5 to 15 days between first and final hatchlings.
Any Issues That May Occur
Often males will disclose courtship with males, and females will court females. It is easy to fault them for opposite sexes, so you can’t distinguish them by this performance. Parakeet breeding difficulties occur for a variety of reasons.
The eggs could be dead already resulting into no hatching.
Eggs could also be dropped from nests, so it is advised to take care and keep the eggs safe from breaking.
Some chicks might die from diseases or attacks by their parents (virtually for all time hens).
Other Parakeets may fight for their nest box, and become offensive of the male while she is laying eggs.
Sometimes parakeets are not attracted towards opposite sex, and will not have babies with them. Another problem may be the birds’ beak being beneath lapped. This is where the lower mandible is on top of the upper mandible.
It is very significant to realize that the majority of the health issues and physical abnormalities are hereditarily inherited and are thus results of high inbreeding frequencies.
Parasites and pathogens are contagious and thus transmit among individuals through either direct or indirect contact.