Introduction of Polychrotidae (Anoles)
Polychrotidae are lizards which are also known as American Chameleons because of their unique ability to change color according to the surrounding helping it to camouflage. Polychrotidae are Anoles which is a part of the lizard family, many people confuse them being part of Geckos though they are very closely related to Iguanas and so can be great household pets.
Polychrotidae are small lizards which can be found throughout America and other countries. Many reptile lovers have exported and imported them to different countries where people are keeping them in captivity and successfully breeding them as well. There are about 372 species of Polychrotidae which can be found all over the world which includes browns, greens, Cuban Browns, Knights and Jamaican Giants.
Polychrotidae are known for their coloration change, they can change color according to their mood and surroundings and so they don’t have any specific color or patterns. Anoles are known for the bright colored dewlaps located beneath their neck area. These dewlaps are flaps of skin which are brighter in color as compared to the other parts of the body.
Polychrotidae have millions of tiny hairs on their hands and feet which are known as Lamelli, these Lamelli helps the lizards to climb any vertical surface or object. The length is between the range of 3 inches and 7 inches however there are some which have outgrown these lengths to 12 inches and it is usually the knight anole that outgrows this length range.
Anole’s Life Span
The life span is of four to eight years, if they are kept in captivity, they are well cared for and are given the entire natural habitat then they can live for 14 years. These Lizards must be given proper attention and care; they are beautiful creatures and can make excellent household pets.
Anole’s behavior is very different according to the situations. Polychrotidae have different ways of communications with its own species and humans. When an Anole extends it dewlaps then it has a lot of reasons why it is doing it. Male Anole extends dewlaps during breeding season as a gender communication between the male and female. When another male Anole is introduced to other male Anole, then the other one extends its dewlaps to warn the male that it’s his territory. If an Anole is bobbing its head a lot then it is a sign of warning for the human owner or any other Anole preset in the enclosure.
If and Anole is bought at a young age then it can be trained well to be comfortable when being held by human hands and the Anole’s behavior will be calm too. If one has brought a wild Anole to captivity then he might have a problem with Anole biting him, though their bite is not strong and it won’t cause bleeding. They do not like to be held usually, this makes them stressful resulting in illness, they like being open in their enclosure without any contact with human bodies. Polychrotidae have sensitive tails, if they are being held by tails then their tails can be dropped however it can regenerate. If you put your hand in the Anole’s enclosure and the lizard runs away or bites you, then it’s a clear indication that the lizard doesn’t want to be held. In case the Anole bites do not jerk your hand away as it can either fracture lizard’s feet or can break their jaw or neck. Let them go easily into their enclosure and soon as they will feel the ground under their feet they will let your hand go.
Anole’s behavior is not aggressive by nature but they might show aggression when grouped with other males because they are highly territorial lizards. There are different species of Polychrotidae hence they have different sizes, do not keep large ones together with small ones because they larger ones will eat the smaller ones.
These days many people are keeping Polychrotidae inside their houses as they are the best pest controller. These lizards eat away the bugs present indoors which includes spiders and cockroaches. Many of these usually like to stay away from human; they either want to stay in their enclosure or want to room free around the house walls.