The Infectious Canine Hepatitis
One of the contagious liver infections among dogs is the Infectious Canine hepatitis. This liver infection is caused by adenovirus type-1 and is common in the canine family which includes domestic dogs and wolves. This disease is very common in the world however it is very uncommon in those places and those communities where dogs are properly vaccinated and receive vaccine shots according to their routine. The severity of Canine hepatitis varies and it times it can be very mild which can be cured, and at times it can be very serious, which can prove to be very fatal. Mild or serious, immediate vet’s attention is required.
Puppies, unvaccinated dogs, dogs with low immunity and poor nutrition are more prone to Infectious Canine hepatitis and the young pups may have severe version of canine hepatitis which can prove to be very fatal. This virus may spread through an infected dog. This infected dog may pass the infection through feces, urine, discharge of blood in excretion, saliva, and nasal discharge. The normal dog may catch the virus by interacting with the infected dog by playing with it, sniffing it, using the infected dog’s things, by sniffing the infected dog’s urine or feces. While some dogs may catch them through air because they either have a poor nutrition, they are unvaccinated or they have a very low immunity system. The virus may attack the kidney, tonsils and liver and has an incubation period of 4 days to a week.
Infectious Canine hepatitis has a long list of symptoms however they are different from mild cases to severe cases. Here we have mentioned symptoms staring from mild to severe so that this can keep you aware regarding the canine hepatitis. The symptoms which your dog can show in the early stages or mild infection is that there will be a loss of appetite, your dog will be coughing, sneezing, vomiting, there will be a high body temperature (fever), fluid discharge from eyes and nose, runny nose, You may also notice hair loss in some place which can show you bruising in the skin along with bloody patches. The serious symptoms may include that you may notice swelling of your dog’s trunk, head and neck, your dog will have a yellowish skin and eyes will have yellow texture (a sign of jaundice), there will be fluid accumulation in the abdomen, your dog will become more thirsty and will pass urine a lot (a sign of kidney damage being done by the virus), your dog will have seizures, the eye’s cornea will turn blue which is also known as hepatitis blue eye.
Treatment for Infectious Canine Hepatitis
If you see any of these symptoms then this calls for immediate vet’s attention, don’t make an appointment just rush to the vet’s clinic or hospital. Your vet will first do the physical examination of your dog and then will perform a few blood tests and urine tests to confirm the presence of Infectious Canine hepatitis in your dog. Blood tests may show a decrease in white blood cells which is a clear indication, ultrasound and radiology can also be performed in order to confirm canine hepatitis.
The treatment of Infectious Canine hepatitis varies according to the stage of the disease. In case of mild attack, antibiotics can be given in order to avoid secondary bacterial infection and to boost production of white blood cells so that immune can grow stronger and the cells can fight off with the virus. In case of severe condition, your dog may be hospitalized and will be under a vet’s supervision all day and night, your dog will receive IV fluids in order to get stable, if the hepatitis is way too serious, then a complete blood transfusion will be required to treat your dog and save its life.
In order to prevent your dog from catching Infectious Canine hepatitis, then vaccinations on a routine basis is very important. It’s the responsibility of the head of the state or county to set an administration which should make sure that the dogs receive their routine vaccinations in order to put a stop to outspread of such contagious diseases. A law should be made or a budget should be passed which should supply free vaccines for dogs in their respective state or county. If you have heard about this virus in your neighborhood then isolate your dog from others and take it immediately to your vet for a vaccine shot.