Iguana breeding can be a great experience. Iguanas breed quiet well in captivity and this encourages other people from buying or adopting these babies because they have a peace of mind that they are bred in captivity under human supervision. Most Iguana importers are not in favor of breeding Iguanas in captivity because they fear they might lose the business of importing Iguanas from different countries.
Choosing the Breeding Pair
It is important to breed a good healthy pair who should be equal in size. If a larger female is allowed to mate with a smaller than the male might suffer female attack which may result in different cuts and you’ll end up getting your male iguanas stitches. Before breeding your pair of Iguanas must be well socialized in order to avoid fights. Make sure that both the male and female have the same size.
One can use wooden boxes filled with play sand. The wooden boxes must be larger than Iguana’s size, this will allow the female to go dig in a socket where it can lay its eggs in the sand. Play sand is better to use instead of soil sand as it is easier to get off from the female and your female won't feel dirty. Incubators should be used to store the eggs and to provide eggs with proper temperature which is between the range of 82F and 86F to avoid any birth defects in the Iguanas.
After 10 days of laying eggs, the owner will notice cuts in the egg shells. These cuts are normal as they are made by baby iguanas, a few days later the babies will cut the egg shell further more and they will be visible to the human eye however they will sleep in them. After few days again they will break through their eggs and still would sleep in it. The first baby iguana to hatch emerges without egg sack and very quickly. When the iguanas hatchlings come out they have a small yolk sack with them which usually disappears after a couple of days.
There are these times when good healthy looking eggs may not hatch, in this case human can gently cut the egg and can discover beautiful baby inside which due to some reason was not able to crack open its shell. There are some cases in which eggs are not hatched because the baby is either dead or deformed. There are also same cases in which baby is healthy enough but cannot crack the egg properly and they die due to drowning. Owners should be very careful with during the egg hatching, they should disturb the mother and babies as little as possible and should keep them at peace so that they can get adjusted to their world. This is most important part of iguana breeding.
Care of Hatchlings
Baby iguanas are fun to watch and play with but they need extra care and attention to be tamed properly and to be healthy for the further life. It is important to keep baby Iguanas hydrated so feed them with fresh water with the help of a plastic spoon, be careful this time because these babies might try to bite the spoon. These babies must be provided with small diet which includes mashed or blended squash, salad leaves and other fruits or vegetables. Take a plastic tub and fill it with one inch of water and leave your baby iguanas in them for 30 to 45 minutes. This helps in keeping Iguana clean, killing bacteria, having better digestion, stimulating their appetite, and it also helps them to be tamed.