Amazon Parrots – Feeding
Amazon parrots are incredibly genius birds. Extra care and affection are among their necessary requisites and to maintain their intelligence and good health a healthy and nutritious combination of bird food is vital. The best care takers are those who do not just feed their pets for the sake of extending their life but they carefully pick out the best food to keep their pets healthy, happy, growing and thriving. Their feeding is slightly expensive due to the variety that needs to be added but it is completely worth it. A variety of meals is suggested for feeding them and specially planned diet charts are recommended. Amazon parrots have a greater tendency to gain weight than other birds they require a careful diet to avoid obesity.
Parrots must be fed twice a day. However the timings may vary; the best timings for feeding are half an hour after sunrise and half hour before sunset as the metabolic activity of parrots is at its peak at sunset and sunrise.
Pellet or Formulated Diet:
In formulated diet, the mixing and baking of seeds and other dietaries doesn’t allow the bird to select a single type of nutrition and therefore an intake of all types of vitamins and minerals takes place leading to a balanced diet. Pellet diet should never be the first choice and is only recommended when natural bird foods are unavailable or the owner is unable to afford a variety of natural ingredients to account for a balanced diet.
Apples, apricots, banana, berries, cherries, cranberries, grapes, grape fruit, honeydew, kiwi, mango, papaya, Peaches, pears, pomegranate, star fruit and tangerines.
Broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens, cooked red potatoes, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, parsley, reddish, tomato, turnip greens and turnips.
Vegetables and Fruits:
They receive the majority of their requirements for vitamins and minerals from fresh fruits and vegetables and they should comprise around 15-30% of each meal. Fruits rich in sugar and proteins should remain the major priority since Amazon parrots have cravings and these reduce their tendency to become obese. Green vegetables are a good source of iron and proteins and should be given daily.
Nuts are essential in winters to maintain the body heat of parrots and they also have a remarkable effect on their memory. Peanuts, walnuts and almonds are the most popular nuts among parrots; however other nuts such as pecans, hazelnuts, pine and cedars are also enjoyed. Apart from these, all shelled or unshelled nuts can be given. For baby parrots, the shell must be removed since it develops the habit of breaking the shell for him later on.
Chicken (cooked), hot cheese, eggs, pulses (soaked and cooked), pasta, honey toasts and millet sprays can also be given. Rice is essential for a good digestive system; it contains the perfect amounts of fiber and starch.
Foods to Avoid:
A natural and pure diet is essential for the health of Amazon parrots; they have a great tendency to become obese if junk food is provided to them such as potato chips, doughnuts etc. Table salts, onions, mushrooms, chocolates, fruit pits, persimmons, apple seeds, alcohol and caffeine can be highly dangerous and must also be avoided
Water must be available at all times for the parrot. It is important that water is changed three times a day. Dirty water can greatly increase their chances of catching diseases. Since water is a hydrating agent, in summers they need clean water in more quantity than they need food.
Tips to Provide Bird Best Nutrition:
- At least two or three varieties of bird food should be given both times a day. These intelligent creatures can get easily bored of similar types of foods.
- Sunflower seeds are essential for feeding these parrots as they keep their feathers shiny and bright and give their feathers a vibrant green color thought out their life span. These seeds also help in their ability to learn speech.
- Pulses must always be soaked and cooked properly or they will stiffen the parrot’s stomach leading to digestive problems.
- Parrots must always be monitored during their food intake. If the parrot eats lesser then usual, then a quick check-up from a doctor is the first thing that is suggested as the parrot may be sick.
- Dished must be washed daily and food should not be allowed to remain inside the cage for more than 24 hours. Parrots have a high tendency of fecal contamination.
Importance of Vitamin A:
Parrots are vulnerable to vitamin A deficiency and this deficiency causes sheer disorders in their body. Vitamin A deficiency in parrots is called Hypovitaminosis A. This deficiency occurs mostly among birds which depend completely on a seed diet or consume a major part of it in their diet. Vitamin A deficiency in birds can be detected from their feet.
Function of vitamin A in Amazon Parrots:
- It maintains healthy metabolism and healthy intestinal wall.
- It is essential for vision and prevents from night-blindness.
- It protects the body against infections by stabilizing the natural defensive system.
- It maintains the bones of bird and prevents from intoxication.
- It maintains the respiratory and reproducing system of bird.