Originally bred to herd and guard stock as the name suggests, the German Shepherd Dog (or Alsatian is now) often used by the Police and the Military. These dogs have been used for security or guarding. They are also used as guide dogs. These dogs were originally bred to herd sheep. These dogs come into the top 3 as the most intelligent breed of dogs in the world.
These are medium to large size dogs standing at 22-26inchs (56-66)cm and weighing 32-43 KGs (70-95)lbs.
These dogs are strong and powerful. These Shepherds have a domed forehead melting into an elongated muzzle with a black nose. The large ears that point straight up are notable feature of this dog along with their piercing dark brown eyes. The body of these dogs is elegant with the withers of the dog usually sloping in a top line to the rump followed by a bushy, thick tail extending down to the hock joint. The body of the dog shows off its power and muscles.
The coat is medium length, dense with a double coat.
The most recognizable color of this dog is black and tan, although all black, sable, blue and liver is also seen. An all white color is still quite rare, but is becoming more apparent.
The lifespan of these dogs is 12-14 years.
These dogs thrive with a family or person who can devote the time it needs for exercise and mental stimulation. It is also useful for this dog to have ready access to a safe, outside area such as a garden or yard. German Shepherds are alert and courageous animals, but is a very loyal companion and a winning all rounder. From being a working dog to a family pet, this is a dog whose popularity speaks for itself. They can be quiet yet lively, serious yet fun and confident yet faithful. Who take a great pleasure in protecting their owners and environment; this is shown by the way they love human company.
As a result, they are great family pets and generally good with children and other animals provided they are socialized from an early age.
With the correct handling, this is one of the smartest and most trainable of dogs and when this is tempered, with its calm nature makes it an ideal dog for many situations and roles. They might show signs of aggression towards strangers and other dogs so early socialization is needed to prevent this. They have high exercise requirements so lots of long walks and lots of time to play are needed. The thing with this breed is they may chase things they shouldn’t and can become a problem with other animals.