Diabetes in Cats
Like humans, cats also have Diabetes when they age. Diabetes in cats is a disorder which includes deficiency of insulin and so blood sugar, glucose molecules are not broken up, which may cause different diseases, especially those related to the heart. Diabetes causes disorder the metabolism rate and your cat will not be able to digest its food completely. The pancreas is responsible for producing insulin which is then released into the blood. It helps in breaking down proteins and carbohydrate molecules which are then turned into blood sugar molecules. This blood sugar molecule is transferred to the organs and muscles through the bloodstreams and is then converted into energy.
When a cat has diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the insulin is not responsive enough for breaking down of the food molecules. There are two types of diabetes in cats, in the Type I case there is a shortage of insulin hormone in the body, whereas in the Type II insulin is not responsive enough to break down food molecules and the condition is known as insulin resistance. With excessive glucose sugar content in blood, your cat will go in hyperglycemia. Type I Diabetes in cats is more common, and in this case the cat is dependent upon insulin injections which will help in converting glucose molecules into energy which can then be used by organs and muscles.
Diabetes in cats may occur at any age, but according to reports and statistics, cats with middle and older age have a higher chance of having diabetes because of the age factor, and it is more commonly seen in male and overweight (obese) cats. The symptoms of Diabetes in cats are that your cat will become obese, it will visit its litter box more often and will pass excessive urine, thirst for water will increase, there will be a weight loss, appetite will be poor, vomiting, depression in cats, the back legs will become weak, there will be dandruff on a cat’s body along with oily fur coat. Your cat’s vet will also show symptoms such as enlarged liver, ketacidosis, lethargy and jaundice.
Diabetes can be caused by inheritance. If a cat has diabetes in its line of ancestor, then it may have this disease due to heredity. Inflammation of the pancreas can also cause diabetes along with hyperthyroidism. Poor cat’s diet and feeding your cat sweet stuff such as candies, chocolates, fruits and other sweet stuff will also cause diabetes. Make sure you feed only those things to your cat which your cat is SUPPOSED to eat.
If you notice any of these symptoms then you need to seek your vet’s attention. Your vet can diagnose Diabetes in cats through blood work, urinalysis, chemical profile and by asking you complete medical history of your cat. The blood test and urine test will show high levels of glucose in the samples which can be a clear indication of diabetes. Apart from high levels of glucose, otherabnoprmal contents can also be found such as liver enzymes, fatty acids, water soluble compounds and various other elements.
Treatment of Diabetes in Cats
The treatment of diabetes depends on the cat’s age, gender and weight. The most common treatment is given insulin injections which might be needed on a weekly basis, but it also depends on the diabetes condition. At times your vet will prescribe medicines. In case of female cats, managing hormones can be difficult, especially when she is in heat. For this purpose ovariohysterectomy can be performed.
In order to avoid diabetes in your pets, it is recommended you stick to balanced diet home cooked meal. Give them meat, necessary oils and vegetables along with different kinds of grains and beans. This balanced diet will keep them healthy and they will become immune to different diseases as well. Avoiding feeding your cat with whatever you are feeding, you and your cat have a different body system and so you both have a different digestive system. There are certain things which your cat cannot digest and this will just result in a sick cat. Daily activity such as taking your cat to walk and spending at least one hour every day playing with it can also help in making it stronger. If your cat has diabetes, play with on a daily basis so that it can have daily exercise, avoid giving it moist and soft food because they may not digest properly and may go straight in blood without breaking down. Your vet will provide you a complete diet plan which you have to follow in order to keep your cat healthy.
An owner having a cat who is diabetic must keep a track of their cat’s blood sugar level on a daily basis. Weekly chart should be made which should then be presented to the vet in the next sitting. The success of your cat’s health will depend upon your attention, the amount of care you have given to your beloved four legged furry baby.