The recommended and unfavorable Cockatiel food is listed in detail here:
- Fruits and Vegetables
All fruits and vegetables need to be thoroughly washed; they can even be cut in bite seized pieces making it easy for birds to consume. If food is leftover then it should be removed before it rots. Cockatiels enjoy eating fruits and vegetables and organic ones are more nutritious reliable. A variety can be given while taste preferences will differ from bird to bird.
- Recommend Vegetables
Asparagus, Broccoli, Brussels, Carrots, Celery, Corn, Green Beans, Peppers, Spinach leaves, Sprouts.
Large amount of dark green vegetables may give Cockatiels diarrhea. Everything should be given in moderation making sure that the vegetables are given with a combination of seed and pellets.
- Recommended Fruits
Apples, Apricots, Bananas, Cantaloupes, Cherries, Grapes, Honeydew Melons, Mangos, Papayas, Peaches, Pears, Pineapples, Plums, Watermelons. Fruits are very nutritious and should be given twice daily.
- Foods to Avoid
Here are some foods items that should be totally avoid to feed Cockatiels:
- Chocolate is harmful for Cockatiels.
- Fruits such as avocado or alligator pear cause death quickly.
- Seeds, leaves or fruits that contain caffeine should not be given as they cause hyperactivity leading to death.
- Foods containing high fat such as coconut, butter, palm & fish oil, etc. should not be given.
- Products that contain chemical additives should not be given to birds.
- Rhubarb leaves, alcohol, stems from potato, tomato are poisonous for bird.
- Never give chewed/eaten/regurgitate food as human saliva is toxic to bird.
- Bacterial infective items such as shellfish etc. should be avoided.
- Frozen, tinned and canned food should not be given, always feed them fresh food.
- Any food infective by fungus should not be given.
- Any food having high sodium content should not be given to birds.
Before going into the details of Cockatiel diet, some general guidelines need to be mentioned:
- Always offer only fresh eatables.
- Food should be replaced at-least daily and bowls used for feeding should be washed before serving fresh food.
- Vegetables, seeds etc. should be washed before serving.
- Food should be given in small pieces.
- Variety of food should be provided at the same time so that they pick and choose while enjoying the assortment.
- The diet should not only be comprised of seeds, however, mixed food diet (vitamins, minerals, calcium etc.) should be given.
- Pellets diet can be considered if a Cockatiel is not getting the required nutrition from a natural diet but should not be dependent on alone.
- Avoid giving more than 16 grams of food daily but this food should consist of maximum nutrition.
Cockatiel Diet and Nutrition
It is the major responsibility of the Cockatiel’s owner to take care of their diet and nourishment. Taking care of diet and nutrition cannot be done without knowing that what to feed, when to feed, how to feed, and what is the latest research regarding this.
Water is the most important liquid in Cockatiel’s life; it contains lead and zinc which is imperative for maintaining their health. Even if they do not drink much of it, fresh water needs to be available at all times. In order to provide them water that is fresh, clean, free from bacteria and fungus, they should only be offered filtered water instead of tap water. It is recommended that vitamins should not be added to the water as they enhance bacteria which could be harmful for birds.
Cockatiel Chicks Feeding
It is worthwhile to monitor the health and growth of Cockatiels especially when they are young. If the chicks are not feeding by themselves, then owners will have to intervene and help them feed with hand. Hand feeding is recommended only in early age and if feeding with hand is difficult to manage, then plastic pipettes can be used.
Birds require a dozen of vitamins in order to live healthy and vigorous life, as vitamins are necessary for many things including growth and cell membrane repair. These are anti-depressants and give excellent results during breeding.
Vitamins are found in vegetables, seeds and fruits. Vegetables include broccoli, spinach, carrots, kale, endive, sunflower, lemons, potatoes, cabbage, turnip greens etc. Vitamin C is mostly found in fruits such as apple, grapefruit, melons, peach, orange, limes, bananas, apricots, strawberries, watermelons, cantaloupe etc. Seeds include walnuts, hazelnuts, whole grains, whole wheat, oats, etc.
Calcium is very important for bones of the birds; therefore, it is vital to include calcium in the Cockatiel diet. There are many eatables that contains calcium but give only broccoli, a little of cheese and yogurt, collard, egg shell etc. Avoid giving milk as it has been observed that Cockatiels are lactose intolerant. Furthermore, calcium plays vital role during females breeding, as when females are laying eggs they lose calcium quickly, therefore, they must be provided additional calcium in their diet when pregnant.
Protein is very beneficial for growth therefore it should be added to the diet of cockatiel. Protein is found in chicken, meet, fish, eggs etc. They need to be boiled and given when fresh.
Carbohydrates provide energy and liveliness. It can be found in various eatables such as wheat, rice, cereals etc.
Pellets or Natural Nutrition
Natural foods provide freshness, variety of textures and tastes as well as a good, healthy amount of nutrients making them the best diet for bids; however a mixture of pellets and natural nutrition is also good and can also be less of a fatigue for busy owners. Pellet is good Cockatiel food but a diet completely on pellet is unfair to the pet bird as it is highly boring and uninteresting.