The most contagious virus among the canines is Parvovirus and the Canine Parvovirus treatment is probably most risky. The most common source of this disease is feces and this virus may spread directly or indirectly. If you are walking with your dog and your dog tries to smell another dog’s feces then take it away from the area, your dog may catch the virus. The pups usually have this Canine Parvovirus because they are not vaccinated on time or have a weak immune system which can be a result of not having much of their mother’s milk. This virus is present in two forms, intestinal form and cardiac form. In the intestinal form the dog faces extreme dehydration which may include vomiting and dysentery while in cardiac form it may result in cardiovascular failure and respiratory problem which is more common in pups and are fatal.
Canine Parvovirus has a tendency to reproduce cells in rapid speed especially in the gastrointestinal tract of the canine. One of the most common means of this virus is the feces. An infected dog might have this virus and may have passed feces on the road side. Your dog might catch this virus by sniffing the feces, or if you have accidentally stepped in it, it can be carried in your dog through your shoes. Canine Parvovirus may spread through the dog’s paws and fur as well, sometimes through the air too if you have a neighborhood with this virus outbreak. Whenever you are out for a walk, keep a close eye on your way.
Canine Parvovirus affects a canine with any age but puppies are the most affected. Breeds like Rottweiler, Doberman and Doberman Pinschers have the highest number of this virus in records. Why these breeds have low resistance to this virus is still unknown, many vets and the scientist are on the quest as to why are these diseases more fatal in these breeds.
When your dog has caught this virus, it will start showing symptoms of having Canine Parvovirus after 4 to 5 days. The very first symptoms will be dehydration, motions, vomits, laziness, diarrhea, and depression. If these early symptoms are neglected then your dog might have high fever which may go up to 106F. Your canine may experience severe abdomen pain, it may cry or moan, will have a tucked in stomach and will start losing weight rapidly. You may also notice mucus, greenish type of fluid or even blood in its feces. If you see these symptoms then it calls for immediate vet’s attention. The intestinal form is the most common these days, the cardiac form is now however very rare and is found in pups only.
Canine Parvovirus Treatment And Preventions
The cardiac form of Canine Parvovirus is now very rare because of the vaccinations available. Canine Parvovirus treatment completely relies on your vet’s hands. When you have seen the above mentioned symptoms in your canine, they you should take it immediately to your vet for treatment. To confirm this virus, your vet will order blood tests and stool test to confirm if the virus is present or not. Once confirmed, your dog may need injections and IV fluids to control the high temperature, to solve the dehydration problem and to fix the imbalances in electrolytes. In the extreme cases the canine might get hospitalized for extra care and supervision by the vet. In case of extreme case the canine may need intensive care, which may even include blood plasma transfusions. Vets usually prescribe with antibiotics which must be consumed even after being discharged from the hospital. If your canine is under good hands, then it will be recovered within no time.
A good way to prevent Canine Parvovirus this virus is by keeping your house clean, using good quality cleaners and bleach. If your dog has stepped on anything, don’t let it lick the area, infect wash it properly with water and any antibacterial soap or liquid. Don’t walk on area where dog feces are lying, if you see it from a distance, change your path. Keep a track of your neighbor’s dog, if they have it then keep your dog indoors and keep the area clean. It’s important to keep your pregnant bitch vaccinated during pregnancy and you should also give vaccinations to your pups to avoid this virus.