The Anal Gland Cancer in Cats
The anal gland cancer in cats or sac cancer adenocarcinoma is not common, it is an invasive disease that does not generally have a positive outlook. Usually seen as a rectal growth or a mass on a cat, it is also common to find the disease in the lymph nodes. Due to the type of disease, it is typically cancerous, that
is malignant and can spread quickly into other areas of the cat’s body. There are treatment options available, usually surgical, that can help to improve an animal’s chances for survival.
The most common sign of anal gland cancer is a rectal mass or tumor. The tumors are often small in nature. In addition to the visible signs of a tumor, cats that are suffering from the disease may be constipated or have difficulty defecating which is obstipation, have a loss of appetite or anorexia, be excessively thirsty that is polydipsia, and may seem lethargic. This disease is fairly rare in cats. There is currently no breed that is a most prone to this type of cancer, but it is often associated with a hormone imbalance, a condition known as parathyroid, as it is often found in the anal and genital area. It is also linked with higher levels of calcium, a condition known as hypercalcemia in the body.
A fine needle is inserted into the cancerous anal mass which is aspirate and the cells are examined to rule out any other possible conditions. It can be challenging to determine whether the mass is malignant or not, so the needle biopsy is a useful diagnostic test. In some cases an incision and a full biopsy are needed to properly diagnose the mass. Some veterinarians will also use imaging tools to look at the mass, such as X-rays or ultrasounds.
The proper course of treatment is to surgically remove the tumor. The removal of the tumor and infected lymph nodes can prolong your cat’s life. However, the tumor removal is not a cure. Radiation may also be used for the prevention of locally recurring tumors.
After the tumor is removed, it is advised to continue monitoring your cat through physical examinations, X-rays, ultrasounds, and blood work. Calcium and kidney tests also work in monitoring the disease and its potential recurrence. The overall prognosis for the disease is poor, although surgery can substantially improve the probability for recovery.
Prevention of Anal Gland Cancer in Cats
Due to its nature, there is currently no way to prevent the disease. However it can be prevented by regular examinations and vaccinations by the vet. It can be cured with proper love, attention given to the cat along with a healthy diet. All these measures can be perfect for preventing any kind of disease in your cats. One must be very careful with what their cats eat and where they go. Cats must be kept indoors however they do require regular exercise which can be carried outdoors but under supervision. Don’t let your cat mate any other cat; one must have the complete information about the other car and whether they carry other kinds of disease, this is the best way to prevent anal gland cancer in cats.